1. Verbal input में दिये गये hints को ध्यान से पढ़िए।
2. Hints के साथ अपने विचारों को जोड़िए।
3. Article ज्यादा लम्बा नहीं होना चाहिए।
On the basis of the following points, prepare an article in about 80 words
Books-storehouse of knowledge-reading—best during leisure_intellectual feast for mind-broadens outlook-unfolds treasure.
Pleasures of Reading
Books are a storehouse of great knowledge. Reading books is a very constructive way to spend our leisure time. Books are a source of great information and delight. Books enable us to cultivate our mind and broaden our outlook, when we unfold the treasure of knowledge the books contain. Reading also provides an intellectual feast of knowledge and satisfies our hunger. They cover innumerable subjects and reading them is always a pleasure.
Develop an article on the topic ‘SAVE WATER’ with the help of the given phrases
Collect rain water on roof-top-Store rain water in underground tanks-Turn off taps while brushing teeth – collect water after washing fruits vegetables and cereals for gardening-Do not overuse bore-wells-Wash vehicles with water in a bucket-Reuse water after washing clothes, utensils etc.
Water is very essential for us. We should not waste it. Because of short rainfall, droughts and overuse of water, it has become scarce. In the coming years, the problem may become serious. For this, we must save every drop of water. We should collect rain water on roof-top and store rain water in underground tanks. Further some measures are to be adopted to save water. We must turn off taps while brushing teeth, collect
water after washing fruits, vegetables and cereals and use it for gardening. Overuse of bore-wells should be stopped. Vehicles must be washed with water in a bucket and not by tap. We should reuse water after washing clothes, utensils etc.
Trade Fair-time of organisation-participation-pavilions-visits—things bought.
A Visit to A Trade Fair
A trade fair was organised in our city in the last week of October. It was a big fair in which a large number of national as well as international companies participated. There were separate pavilions for different categories of products. There were pavilions for books, household appliances, electrical gadgets, TVs and cameras, draperies and garments. I, along with my friend Abdul, visited almost all the pavilions, but did not
have enough money to buy all the things I wanted to. I bought only a few books of my choice and felt satisfied. Abdul bought a camera.
The Person—his/her qualities-his/her work-way of living personality- conclusion.
The Person I Like Most
Everyone has his own likes and dislikes. I like a person the most. He is Mr. Shridhar Barve. He is my English teacher. He possesses all those qualities which a nice person must have. He is a symbol of hard work and dedication. He has a unique method of solving problems. His teaching method makes our subject very easy and interesting. We enjoy learning the subject. He has a pleasant personality. His way of living is simple. He motivates everyone to rise in life. He behaves like a friend; teaches like a philosopher and guides us like a mentor. I like him and want to become like him when I grow up. I wish him a happy long life and grand success in all his endeavours.
Recess period—everyone looks forward to-relax time—take things easy-rejuvenates us for later half of school-mid-day meal-teachers take a break- atmosphere of relaxation.
Recess period in school is a time which everyone looks forward to. Even the bell for the recess period sounds relaxing when we can actually take things easy. It makes us recharged again for the later half of the day at school. During the recess period, most of the students love to exercise their body and play games besides having their mid. day meal. The teachers too take a well-deserved break and an atmosphere of general relaxation prevails in the staff room. The recess period indeed gears everyone up for the rest of the day.
Cleanliness drive Shram dan-residents come forward-Clean the colony children involved-very encouraging a cleaner colony-pledge to work all through year.
Cleanliness Drive in My Locality
Last week, our locality conducted a cleanliness drive ‘Shram dan’ in which residents came on the road to offer their services in keeping the colony clean. The most remarkable scene was the active and sincere involvement of the children of all age groups. They took this cleanliness drive very seriously. It was most heartening and encouraging to see a much cleaner colony after the drive was over. We all pledged to keep the good work continuing all the year through.
Write an article on ‘Importance of Trees’ with the help of verbal input provided Trees-gift of nature, friends of man, trees provide oxygen, timber, cause rainfall, cutting of trees-ecological imbalance, do tree plantation.
Importance of Trees
Trees are very important for us. They are true friends of man. They are a precious gift of nature to man. They provide us fruits to eat and fire wood to burn. They also support the life of living things. They give us oxygen. We make furniture and houses by timber provided by trees. Trees cause rainfall. Now-a-days, due to various reasons many trees are being cut. It causes ecological imbalance. Global warming increases. There is a need to plant new trees. Tree plantation should be made a compulsory drive throughout the nation and every citizen should actively participate in it and do tree plantation.
Newspapers important-look for it-In the mornings-vital means of conveying news-cheap-enlightens us-different columns-no newspaper- major void.
Life Without Newspaper
Newspapers have become an essential part of our daily life. The first thing a person looks for in the morning is a newspaper. So one cannot even contemplate life without newspapers. Since newspapers are a vital media of conveying the news of home and abroad to the common man, he will feel completely cut off from the world if he were to face each day without newspapers. Newspaper enlighten us in manifold ways as each column deals with different aspects of our life. So we shall feel a major void in our daily life if we were to confront life without newspapers.
No progress without education-right to education-without education exploitation-wilderness-need for government policy-adult education.
Need of Education for All
It is true that without education no society can progress. It is the right of every child to be educated. Without education, a person is nothing more than an animal. He is exploited by the rich. If a person is uneducated, he cannot progress in his life. He lives in the dark world of superstition. The government must arrange for free education up to a certain standard Programmes should be conducted to eradicate the illiteracy. If each educated person teaches one illiterate, the problem can be solved. Each one teach one is the need of time. In fact, the greatest service of the country is to spread education
5th Sept, birthday of Our Ex-President S. Radhakrishnan-all the teachers as guests-students organised the programme-honours-party.
Teachers’ Day Celebration
Teachers’ Day was celebrated by us in our school 5th September. Our Ex-president S. Radhakrishnan, who himself was a great teacher, dedicated his birthday in honour of teachers. All the teachers were honoured as guests. We, the students organised the entire day’s programme. First of all, we decorated the school with banners and posters. All the teachers were seated on the dais. They were garlanded and given presents by the secretary of the students’ union. One of the most senior and dedicated teachers was specially honoured by presenting him a bouquet and shawl. Some of the teachers blessed the students by their speeches. There was a party for the teachers at the end of the celebration. Our teachers were touched by our love and affection. They appreciated our concern and care for them.
Write a paragraph in about 80 words on the following topics
Malaria is a very dangerous disease. It has killed thousands of people. Anopheles mosquitoes which are the carriers of malaria parasite have not been eradicated. Anti malarial drugs are not proving to be much effective as malaria parasites have become resistant to it. We must use defensive measures such as long-sleeved shirts and long trousers. We should use mosquito repellents and mosquito nets. Awareness should be created in the society.
How We Celebrated New Year
This new year’s eve, we had a big party planned with family and close friends. Exciting music and dance was more or less the theme of the party. Added to this were delicious and mouth-watering eatables. As the clock struck twelve, everyone cheered welcome the new year wishing each other. By the time we returned home, tv almost 2:30 am. We were extremely tired but very happy that we stepped into the year with all our dear ones. We also greeted our parents and other elders of our family.
Clean India,green India
“Cleanliness is Godliness” said Mahatma Gandhi. It is true that we cannot manta Clean India, Green India our health if we do not give attention to cleanliness Dirtiness is the cause of all disana We throw disposals here and there as well as other waste-material. It should be t a dustbin. Cleanliness is a good habit. It also makes our surroundings beautiful. Th habit is to be cultivated by all. On 2nd October, 2014, our Prime Minister declared a national level campaign. The purpose of this campaign is to clean all the town villages of India. We should plant tress and take good care of our environment Clean India and Green India are the two sides of one coin that sustainable development in India.
It is said “Manners make a man.” It is indeed true Good Manners give w confidence and discipline, both of which are the basic ingredients of success in Good manners can also be considered as the first step in the ladder of success. Th means being respectful and polite towards others, helpful and considerate to obe We should use the magic words like ‘please’, ‘sorry” and “thank you’ in everyday life
Role of the Internet
Today, education without internet is incomplete. From being a lifeline of econom computer technology has spread its influence in the field of education also. It has become the integral part of a student. At the same time, to avoid getting addicted to the intere students should be taught to use it in restricted manner. This would enhance the oven performance of students.
The Importance of English
English is an international language and is spoken all over the world. With the invention of internet, no country can depend only upon its local language. We c communicate with other countries only when we knew English. To understand medicine. technology and trade, we must know English well. Without English, no community can progress. We, Indians are champions in information technology only because we a good in English. English has a rich literature. Students can enjoy it after
Friendship is a divine relationship. We don’t have similarity in our blood, b still, other person cares for us. Irrespective of all differences, a friend chooses you understands you and supports you. Whenever you are in doubt or lack confidence, to a friend and your worry will surely go away. A true friend will always want your happiness A life without a good friend is useless. Honesty is the key factor to maintain the friendship forever.
My Aim in Life
An aim is a purpose that every person has in his life. It directs and motivates a person to achieve them. Someone who is not goal oriented and does not have any aim cannot achieve any progress in life. Without aim, life seems to be useless. This life is a gift of God. I wish to impart the right education and inculcate good qualities among young minds. I want to lead a peaceful life with my family.
- An Indian Festival Festival of Lights
The Festival You Like Most
- Introduction-Diwali is a major festival of the Hindus. It comes in the month of October or November every year. It is celebrated in the memory of Lord Ram’s return to Ayodhya from exile after 14 years. The people of Ayodhya welcomed Lord Ram heartily. They decorated their houses with flowers. They lighted earthen lamps in front of their houses. Diwali is a remembrance of that day.
- Preparations-Days before, the people start preparations for this festival. They clean their houses completely. They white-wash them. The merchants paint their shops and set them. The markets get a new look.
- Celebration – People buy new clothes and new dresses. They buy many things for this festival. Children buy crackers. Ladies buy sarees and material for preparing sweets. People give presents to friends and relatives. They send greeting cards to their far off friends and relatives. Main days of celebration of Diwali are three-Dhan Teras’. ‘Roop Chaudas’ and ‘Diwali’ on Amavasya day. In the evening, ladies and children light candles and lamps. Many electric bulbs of several colours are also lighted. The rows of lamps look very beautiful. They
- Worship of Goddess Laxmi-On Diwali, people worship Goddess Laxmi. pray for health, wealth and happiness for the whole year. Children let off fireworks.People eat sweets. They distribute ‘Prasad’ of Diwali. The rich and the poor both enjoy Diwali. All the classes of the society are happy.
- Importance – Diwali is celebrated all over India. People from all the parts of India and all communities celebrate it. It is a festival of national importance. It promotes national unity also.
- For All People – People of all age groups enjoy celebration of Diwali. Children, young and the old, gents and ladies feel equally excited at the arrival of Diwali. The rich and the poor, all celebrate it as per their capacity.
- Conclusion-Diwali is a very nice festival. People forget their differences. There are some bad customs too. Some people gamble and drink wine. This is not good.. Some persons get injured by the crackers due to carelessness, However, Diwali brings happiness to every home in India.
2.A great leader
- His Early Life-Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd Octobe Mahatma Gandhi 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat His father was the Diwan of Rajkot State. His mothe was a religious lady He was married at the age of 13 years to Kasturba.
- His Education-At the age of 7, he was sent to school. He was an aver student. He never told a lie even in his school life. He paid attention to the building of his character. For higher education, he was sent to England. There he studied las and became a barrister. started his practice at Bombay (now called Mumbai). At the
- His Political Life-In South Africa, he fought for the rights of Indians living court, he never took any false case. there. After some time, he came to India. He became the leader of the Indian National Congress. He, alongwith other leaders, fought bravely for the freedom of India. He started the Satyagraha Movement. He was sent to jail many times. At last India becan free on 15th August, 1947. He was shot dead by Nathuram Godse on 30th January 1948
- His Greatness-Mahatma Gandhi was not only a political leader, he was great a other things as well. He worked for the unity of the Hindus and Muslims. He loved Trud and Ahimsa throughout his life. He loved Harijans and the destitute. He helped all. He was truly religious. So he was called ‘Mahatma’ He was called ‘Bapu’ and ‘the Father the Nation Even today, people in the whole world respect and love Gandhiji very much.
Your Favourite Work in Leisure
- Introduction – Hobby means an activity that we enjoy doing in our free time When a man gets time after completing his routine work, he wants to enjoy. At tha time if he does some different work, it is called his hobby. Hobbies are many, such as painting, playing on some instruments, photography, stamp-collecting, gardening ete
- My Hobby-My hobby is gardening. I think it is the best hobby. Plants and trees are very useful in our life. They not only provide us food to eat, but also serve us in many ways. They make the air fresh and cool for us. They check the air pollution also. Plants give us flowers. Trees give us fruits to eat and wood to burn. So I like trees and plants very much.
- My Garden-There is no ground around our house. So I have planted sevenl kinds of flowering plants in flower-pots. I love flowers very much. I water the plants and care for them. I bring small plants from the nursery, prepare the flower pots and then cultivate the plants. I give fertilizer to them. When buds appear, it gives me great pleasure. I wait for their blossoming into beautiful flowers. Sometimes, when I get up in the morning and see the flowers, my joy knows no bounds. My parents and other family members too become very happy to see them. Guests coming to our home appreciate my hobby.
- Conclusion-Sometimes I sit in our small garden and do my homework or take tea and breakfast. It gives me great joy. My mind becomes sharper and my memory is increased in the company of flowers. Sometimes I see flowers in my dream and my heart is filled with pleasure.
Value of Games
Importance of Games & Sports
A Cricket Match
Any Interesting Match Seen by You
- Introduction Games are very necessary for us. There is a saying that a sound mind lives in a sound body. If we are weak and sick, our mind cannot work properly. Games not only keep us healthy, but also make our mind sharp and tough. They also develop good qualities like brotherhood, co-operation and team work.
- My Favourite Game-There are several games and a person plays one of the games in which he takes much interest. My favourite game is cricket. I like this game very much. In my childhood I played with a plastic bat and ball. When I grew up. I used to play with the boys of my neighbourhood.
- The Matches Cricket is played at several levels. Many International matches are organised. People watch these games live, telecast on TV. They take great interest in these matches. National feelings are attached with it. One-day and T-20 format of matches have become very popular.
- A Match Played in Our School-A limited over match was played in our school. One team was Principal’s Eleven and the other Teachers’ Eleven. The match was played. on a Sunday. Many guests were invited. Our parents were also invited. I was in the team of Teachers’ Eleven. The match was fixed for 30 overs, Principal Eleven won the toss and they elected to bat. The openers of the Principal Eleven were Shafi Mohammad and Gopal Nikam. Shafi Mohammad scored 12 runs and was caught out. Sukh Dev was our bowler. Gopal Nikam played for a long time. He is a very good player. He scored 25 runs with 2 fours and 1 six. Two players were run out. All the players were out in 29 overs with 100 runs. Then our team started batting. Our openers were Mukesh Makwane and Nilesh Rawal. They played very well and made 50 runs. I could not make many runs. I was caught trying to hit a boundary. We made 102 runs in 29 overs and 2 balls. Thus we won the match. The opposite team also played very well.
- Conclusion-Cricket is a wonderful game. It is more enjoyable when it is played with perfect honesty and fairness.
5.Wonders of Science
Science in Our Daily Life
Science is a Good Servant But a Bad Master
Science A Boon or a Curse
- Introduction-We are living in the age of science. It has made our life easier and comfortable. Science plays an important role in our daily life. It has made the dreams and imaginations of man true. By observation of simple events, man has invented great things. Science has changed the lifestyle of man.
- ScientificInventions There are many scientific inventions that have made s life very comfortable. Electricity is the greatest invention of science. It serves w many ways. It lights out houses, it entertains us with TV and radio. It helps t water It runs trains, mills and factories. It cools and warms our houses. Motor computers etc are all significant inventions scooters, railway engines, aeroplanct these scientific inventions. us to dowscience Modern life is impossible without this scientific inventions
- Means of Communications – Buses, cars, trains and acropla have made travelling casier, comfortable and quicker. A man can reach any part of t Transport and world within hours. He has reached other planets with the help of rockets With introduction of long distance international telephone calls, we can talk to our friends a relatives living very far away from us. Mobile phone is of great use to men
- Medicine and Surgery Science has cured man from very dreadful disc such as T. B. and cancer have been controlled. It has made man healthier. In the S of surgery too, science has done wonders. Open heart surgery and heart-transplantatio have become possible. & Computers Scientists have invented computers. These are a wonderful inventi The computers can perform complex calculations and various other tasks in no time They have solved a lot of problems of man.
- Disadvantages-Science has given us atom bombs. They can destroy big c and kill a lot of persons in a few seconds. Big factories and other machines have mak water and air polluted.
- Conclusion Science has proved a great asset to modern man. If properly wel it can make the life of man healthier and happier. Man is called master of the word because of science
My Best Friend
An Ideal Student
- Introduction-Blessed is the man who has a friend. A friend is more than a other relative. I have many friends. But my best friend is Harish Sharma. Really, he a an ideal boy
- Details Harish’s father is a middle class businessman. He deals in hosier cutlery and other general items. He is a gentle and kind person. Harish’s mother is a housewife. She is a simple and kind-hearted woman. She loves her children and other children alike. I often go to their home. Harish has a younger brother and an elder sister They are very nice children.
- His Age and Personality-Harish is 17 years old. He studies with me in class X His personality is charming. He is always neat and clean, always smiling.
- His Habits-Harish possesses many good habits. He always gets up early in the morning. He studies and does his homework regularly. He helps his mother in household works. He respects his father and other elderly persons. His neighbours are very pleased with him. He helps them in need. He comes to school on time and attends every period Teachers are pleased with him. He always stands first in the class. He helps me in my lessons. He is a good player also. He also takes part in other activities of the school
- Reason of My liking Him-I like him because he has a very good nature. As soon as he sees me, he becomes happy. He is kind, honest and truthful. He tells me many interesting stories. He bears a good moral character. Sometimes he gives presents also. He is a very good companion. He is sympathetic towards poor, weak and suffering people.
- Conclusion-A good person inspires others to become good. Several lazy and bad students turned to be active and good, drawing inspiration from Harish. May he live a happy and prosperous life.
7.Importance of Trees
Grow More Trees
- Introduction-Trees are very important for our life. They give us fruits to eat and firewood to burn. Houses are built and furniture is made from wood. They give us oxygen to breathe. They make the air pure for us. They produce starch for our food.
- Importance-Trees cause rainfall. They make hot days cool for us. When there is rain, they keep the surface soil intact and do not let it get washed away. They also check sudden floods.
- Different kinds of Trees-The trees are of various kinds. They fulfil our different needs. Rubber is supplied by rubber trees. Every part of coconut tree is useful. The sap of the cow tree is used as milk.
- Usefulness to Animals-Millions of birds take shelter in the branches of the trees. Forests provide shelter to many wild animals. The leaves of the trees serve as food for several animals. Many insects also sustain on trees.
- Other Benefits-Trees are valued not only because they are useful to us, but they also spread beauty. They refresh our eyes and mind. Our rishis lived in forests. Their ashrams were in the deep forests. These were the centres of knowledge and learning.
- Trees Should be Planted Essentially-In olden days, a large part of India was covered with dense forests. When population grew, trees were mercilessly cut down for man’s use. The result is that a great part of our forest wealth is lost. The forests are disappearing, and the demand for timber is growing. Therefore, there is an urgent need of planting trees. We are trying to replace this loss. It is good that the government and the people have become aware of this. “Van Mahotsav’ has been started for this purpose. Several organisations are developing forests by planting large number of several kinds of trees. They have presented several schemes to the public. People are investing money in these projects.
- Conclusion-Trees are our lifeline. If we want to live healthily and happily, we must plant trees and take care of them. Green trees should not be cut. Every family must plant some plants and trees around their homes.
- Importance of Newspapers
- Introduction-With the spread of education, newspapers have become very popular. Everybody wants to read a newspaper daily. Even the illiterate people want to listen to it when it is read by someone else. There are local dailies in English, Hindi, Urdu and several other Indian languages. This shows the great interest of the people in them even in a developing country like India.
- Advantages-Newspapers interest us because they bring us news of the world. They keep us informed of the events taking place daily in the country and outside it.
- Formation of Public Opinion-Newspapers are more important in democratic country like India than in other countries. Through them, the public learns what problems are before the Government and what it thinks about solving them. Knowing this, the people are also able to express their views and give their own suggestions. Through the newspapers, the public criticizes and appreciates the counduct of the Government. For the leaders and reformers, they are means of educating matters the public on importan
- A means of Advertisement-Newspapers have another importance. They help the progress of trade and commerce. By advertising his goods in a newspaper, a trader manufacturer or an industrialist can increase his business. “Wanted’ columns are a grea boon for those who seek employement and also to those who need workers. The larg to be uninformed than to be Interested parties often make newspapers a means of false or biased propaganda. Oftes
- Disadvantages-It is always better this is done by political parties who confuse and misguide the people. Sometimes y are Sven wrong or distorted news. Sometimes they also become a cause of communal disturbances. More evidently, they cause class hatred. A great danger is caused by tho advertisements which aim at cheating the public.
- Conclusion-But the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Only the readen misinformed number and variety of advertisements prove the great value of newspapers. are required to be cautious and wise in their use of newspapers. Newspapers with full freedom of expression are must in a democratic country like ours.
- The Book I Enjoyed Most
My Favourite Book
- Introduction Besides reading the prescribed textbooks, I also read other books in my spare time. During my holidays. I mostly read the books that are other than my textbooks. Thus, every holiday adds to the number of books I have read. I read books both in Hindi and English, and I read them both for knowledge and pleasure. But truly speaking, I am rather partial during my holidays, to reading for pleasure. I derive great pleasure from books or light fiction.
- The Book-One book which I have recently read and enjoyed most is an English detective novel, a detective yarn or rather a series of detective yarns. The book is called The Singing Bone” It is written by A. Freeman. The speciality of the book is that each of the stories is divided into two parts. The first part tells us the whole story of crime, the second part describes how the crime was committed and by whom. Each and every story in the book is interesting and engrossing. Once begun, it must be read to the end. You may ask how the second part can be interesting after the whole story has been told in the first. It is in the second part that the hero sets about his job and makes this part more interesting.
- The Hero-The hero in the book is a private detective. He is called Dr. Thomdyke His aim is not only to find out the criminal, but also to bring him to book. With his amazing wits, his microscope and his chemical tests, he traces out and examines facts one by one. At last, he finds out the criminal and how he committed the crime and be brings the criminal to justice and gets him punished. It is, indeed fascinating to see how the wonderful Dr. Thorndyke works and succeeds in his aim.
- The Author-I cannot help adding a word of praise about the author. The author’s knowledge of crime and criminals is astounding. Not only that, he is also a master of English prose. His languages is simple and effective. His descriptions and narrations are lively and vivid. They all add to charm and attraction of the stories in the book.
- Conclusion-It pleasure to share one’s pleasure with others. I. therefore. very much wish that all my friends must read ‘The Singing Bone’ for themselves I am willing to lend my copy to them. But the condition is They must return my book