3. Note Making
Read the following passages carefully. Make notes and supply a suitable ritte.
1.Succes in your life depends largely on good health Keep your body fit by leanliness fresh air, regular habits and suitable recreation, make yourself strong to play the game and do it in every sense of word. Avoid anything that will sap your strength Smoking in your youth stunts the body and clouds the brain. Be temperate in all things and beware of drinking. It is the deadly enemy of health and efficiency Above all. remember that your character is a priceless possession. Therefore keep it untarnished Be truthful in all things courteous and considerate to everybody, fair to your rivals the kind and helpful to all who are weak and suffering, and do not be afraid to have the courage to stand up for what is good, pure and nobel. Avoid gambling in any form, it a mean game trying to get something for nothing at other people’s expense. Fill such hours with interesting hobbies, good books and with companionships and associations calculated to exercise over you an influence for good. To a large extent, you will be known by the company you keep.
(1) Good health is essential for success in life.
(2) Avoid anything that affects health and efficiency in an adverse manner
(3) Be truthful, humble, considerate, fair, kind and co-operative.
(4) Cultivate some interesting hobbies to fill vacant hours.
(5) Seek good company.
(B) Title: Secrets of Success.
(C) Summary : Good health is essential for success in life. One should keep his body fit and avoid anything that has a bad effect on health and efficiency. One should have upright character. He should be truthful, humble, considerate. fair, kind and co-operative. He should have moral courage and interesting hobbies. He should seek good company.
2 .Since time immemorial, the natural broad-leaved mixed forests of the Himalayas have played a crucial role in the life of the people of that region. In fact, the forests are the foundation stone of the whole economy of the hill villages. Green leaves and grass, for example, provide fodder for the animals whose dung is used as fertilizer. Dry twigs and branches are the only sources of domestic cooking fuel. The forests alsc Orovide significant supplies of fruits, edible nuts, fibers and herbs for local consumption The forests break the flow of the monsoon. This creates springs and perennial stream hich are vital for the mountain people and their animals during the hot summ onths.
3.The Importance of Forests Each one of us must realize that the only future of India and its people tolerance and co-operation, which have been the basis of our glorious past We have laid down in our constitution that India is a secular state This does not mean irreligion means equal respect for all faiths and equal opportunities for those who prefer different faiths We have therefore always to keep in mind this vital aspect of our culture which is also of the highest importance in India today Those who put up barriers between one Indian and another and who promote disruptive tendencies do not serve the cause of India and its culture They weaken us at home and discredit us abroad Answers is one of
(1) Tolerance and Co-operation
(a) basis of our glorious past,
(b) pillars of our future.
(a) equal respect for all faiths,
(b) equal opportunities,
(c) of highest importance in present-day India
(3) Disruptive Tendencies
(a) Put up barriers,
(b) weaken the country,
(c) discredit us abroad.
(B) Title:The Basis of India’s Future
(C) Summary : Tolerance and co-operation have been the basis of our glorious past and present. And the future of India lies in them. Only secularism, which means equal respect for all faiths, is of highest importance today Those who promote intolerance weaken us at home and discredit us abroad.
4.When thinking of home improvement techniques, we often think big and overlook quick simple methods that can brighten interiors and add life to rooms-all without changing a single piece of furniture Adding flowers or floral arrangement brings exquisite individuality and charm to home decor “Anyone can decorate with flowers to create a personal and picture-perfect home interior. Besides these, flowers help you bring the outdoors inside, fill a space or brighten a dark corner Flowers can be placed in the hallways for a soft and warm touch. The hallway provides the first impression of your home and sets the scene for the interior. “Flower arrangements should complement the decor and mood.
(1) Thinking of home decoration-means-thinking high-overlooking simple methods.
(2) Adding flowers/floral arrangements-means-adding beauty. making home charming, bringing outdoors indoors.
(B) Title: Interior Decoration.
(C) Summary: If one thinks of home decoration, one tends to look high and overlook simple methods Flowers can add charm and individuality to one’s house They bring outdoor indoors. Flower arrangement should compliment the mood and decor
5.Man is made up of many qualities, both good and bad, and among the latter is anger. The nature of every human being is such that anything that gives offence to his sentiments or goes against his principles, excites his anger. The evils which result from anger are many. Under its influence a man loses his power of reasoning and judgement. Not being able to retain control over himself when angry, he does not know what he is doing or saying. Under its influence a man puts off his balance to the extent that he forgets his duty towards his superiors and may even say things which are extremely insulting to them.
(1) Anger is harmful.
(2) It results into loss of reasoning, power and judgement.
(3) A person when angry forgets his duty and insults his superiors.
(B) Title: Disadvantages of Anger.
(C) Summary : Anger is a harmful human quality which is caused when anything goes against one’s principles or wishes. In anger, a person loses his reasoning power, judgement and self control. He forgets his duties towards superiors and insults them.
6.Speech is a great blessing, but it can also be a great curse, for, while it helps us to make our intention and desires known to fellows, it can also, if we use it carelessly, make our attitude completely misunderstood. A slip of the tongue, the use of an unusual word, or of an ambiguous word, and so on, may create an enemy where we had hoped to win a friend. Again, different classes of people use different vocabularies and the ordinary speech of an educated man may strike an uneducated listener as showing pride; unwillingly we may use a word which bears a different meaning to our listener from what it does to men of our own class. Thus speech is not a gift to use lightly without thought but one which demands careful handling, only a fool will express himself alike to all kinds and conditions of men.
(1) Speech is a great blessing as well as curse.
(2) If used carelessly, it can make our attitude misunderstood.
(3) It can create an enemy or a friend.
(4) It should be used carefully.
(B) Title: Speech – A Blessing or a Curse.
(C) Summary : Speech is a blessing as well as a curse. It is a medium of expressing our thoughts and feelings. But it can lead to misunderstanding if words are used carelessly. The significance and meaning of words is not the same for all types of men. The educated and the uneducated men do not express themselves in the same language. Hence the gift of speech should be used with great caution and tact.
7.Remember that the character you form in your family, will, in all probability, follow you through life. As you are regarded by your own brothers and sisters at home, so in a great measure you will be regarded by others, when you leave your father’s house. If you are manly, kind and courteous at home, so you will continue to be and these trai of character will always make you beloved. But if you are peevish, ill natured, harh and uncourteous or over-bearing at home, among your own brothers and sisters, so you will be same outside, and instead of being beloved, you will be disliked.
(1) The character formed at home follows throughout life.outside.is same outside and is disliked by everybody.
(2) As you are regarded at home, in the same way you are regarded
(3) One who is manly, kind and courteous is liked by all.
(4) One who is peevish, ill natured, harsh and uncourteous at home
(B) Title: Character Building.
(C) Summary : The character that a person forms at home follows him throughoug life. A person who is manly, kind and courteous at home same outside and is loved. The one who is peevish, ill natured, harsh and uncourteous at home is same outside and is disliked by all.
8.One of the greatest principles which Gandhiji had taught and practised throughout his life was that of dignity of labour. All kind of useful work was equally worthy of respect. Gandhiji was never afraid or ashamed to do any kind of work. He showed his followers how to use the broom to sweep the house and the yard, how to dispose off night soil, how to teach and practice village and town sanitation. He himself collected the rubbish and covered it with clean earth. He never asked his followers to do anything which he could not do himself. The great lesson we can learn from his life is that every kind of work is honourable if it is done in a spirit of lover and selfless service.
(1) Gandhiji taught dignity of labour.
(2) He was never afraid or ashamed of any kind of work.
(3) He taught his followers to sweep the house and the yard, dispose off night soil and sanitation.
(4) He never asked anyone to do that which he could not do himself.
(5) All work is honourable if done in a spirit of love and selfless service.
(B) Title: Dignity of Labour.
(C) Summary : Gandhiji taught and practised dignity of labour throughout his life. He was never afraid or ashamed of any kind of work. He taught others to sweep the house, dispose off night soil and sanitation. He never asked anyone to do anything which he could not do himself. He taught the lesson that every kind of work is honourable if it is done in a spirit of love and selfless service.