Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions given below it:
- The national emblem of the government of India is the symbol of peace and goodwill to the world. It was the royal insignia of the Emperor Ashoka. It was taken from the pillar at Sarnath. The pillar was primarily intended to commemorate the great wheel with 24 spikes. The four animals carved in relief in the abacus of the wheel-the elephant, horse, bull and lion symbolise the four quarters of the universe. The boldly designed, finally proportioned and well conceptualised architecture draws the admiration of the beholder and recalls the first sermon by Lord Buddha at Sarnath. A group of four lions surmount the Sarnath capital, each facing the cardinal direction. The pose of their limbs and tense muscular anatomy speak of the imagination of an accomplished master craftsman. Their faces and free-flowing manes, the bold contours of their rounded figures, their subtle modelling in relief manifest the unerring and confident hand of master artists of the Mauryan Court.
(a) What is the national emblem for ?
(b) The national emblem is taken from the pillar at Sarnath
(c) The national emblem recalls the first sermon by at Samath.
(d) How many spokes are there in the great wheel of the pillar?
(e) Give the noun form of ‘great”.
(a) The national emblem is the symbol of peace and goodwill to the world.
(c) Lord Buddha.
(d) (iii) 24.
- 2 .Water, as we all know, is a valuable asset and most vital for the continuation of life on earth, so there is a need to use water sensibly. As responsible and educated inhabitants of this planet earth, it is our duty to create awareness among others to be a part of the water conscious community. Water should be used strictly according to our need and requirement. The need to conserve water both at home and at school should be reiterated among students. To conserve water, we need to reduce use of water, avoid wasting water and improve water management and adopt practices like rainwater harvesting, recycling etc. While learning to implement water conservation principles, a few activities can prove to our advantage. These include any beneficial reduction in water loss, its use and waste of resources, avoiding any kind of damage to water quality and improved water management practices that enhance the beneficial use of water.
(a) How is water a valuable asset ?
(b) Rainwater harvesting is a useless practice to conserve water. (True/False)
(e) We should create to use water sensibly.
(d) To conserve water we need to
(i) Avoid wasting water
(ii) Recycling water
(iii) reduce use of water
(iv) All of the above.
(e) What is the opposite of ‘advantage
(a) Water is a valuable asset as it is the most vital for the continuation of life on earth.
(d) (iv) All of the above.
- 3 .Of man’s earliest invention, we know very little. The first may have been the use of a stone to crack a nut. The next was possibly the use of a stick to strike an enemy. Once man found that stick and stones were useful, it was only a step further to the making of a rude weapon by fastening a stone to the end of a stick.Man used sticks and stones long before he dared to meddle with fire; for the early man, like all wild creatures, dreaded the fire. Fire, of course, existed, for lightning must sometimes have set the forests ablaze just as it does today; and in those days, volcanoes were much more active than they now are. The forgotten hero who first dared to tame fire to his own use was the greatest of early inventors. Once man had tamed fire, he was master of all lower creatures.
(a) Who was the greatest of early inventors ?
(b) The first invention of man was the use of stick.
(c) Man was the of all lower creatures.
(d) In olden days, valcanoes were:
(1) not much active
(2) less active
(3) much more active
(e) Find out a word from the passage which means “animals”.
(a) The greatest of early inventors was the man who dared to tame fire for his own use.
(d) (3) much more active.
4.I live for those who love me, Whose hearts are kind and true. For the heaven that smiles above me. And awaits my coming too. For all human ties that bind me. For the task my God assigned me. For the bright hopes left behind me. And the good that I can do.
(a) Whom does the poet want to live for ?
(b) The hopes are……… behind the poet
(c) The poet wants people to be kind and true.
(d) The place
(e) Give the antonym of the word “bright”
(a) The poet wants to live for those who love him.
(d) (1) Heaven.
- 5.Many years ago, Genoa, one of the Italy’s seaports, was the capital of a small and independent state. The merchants of Genoa carried on a prosperous trade with foreign countries. They sailed to distant parts with their goods and brought immense wealth to the state.But though the state was prosperous, the people did not enjoy a good and stable government. There were two parties, which fought for power. The Nobles’ Party Peoples’ Party. When one of the parties came to power, it tried to crush and destroy the other. In the beginning of our story, the Peoples’ Party had been in power. It’s leader was Uberto. He belonged to a humble family, and he was a man of ability and honesty. As long as he was in power, the state had a good and stable government. The poor. especially, were happy and were never denied justice.
(a) Write the qualities of Uberto.
(b) Genoa was one of the Italy’s seaports.
(c) The merchants of Genoa carried on a trade with ……………….. countries.
(d) Who was Uberto ?
(i) a judge
(ii) a king
(iii) a leader
(iv) a doctor.
(e) Find out a word from the passage that means “Travelled over water”
(a) Uberto belonged to a humble family. He was a man of ability and honesty.
(d) (ii) a leader.
- 6. Once upon a time, large areas of India were covered with forests full of numerous kinds of trees. As the population grew, trees began to be cut down for man’s use. That is how the wonderful forests described in our ancient poems came to be destroyed and a great part of our forest wealth was lost. Now we are trying to recover this loss and our government wants trees to be planted all over the country. A new festival has been introduced for this purpose, it is called ‘Van Mahotsava’ or Forest Festival. Since trees. are the country’s wealth, we must consider it as our sacred duty to protect them. We should plant new trees wherever we can and took after them well.
(a) What is Van Mahotsava ?
(b) We must………… our forests.
(c) Our………..wants trees to be planted all over the country.
(d) Forests are country’s………..
(e) Give the verb form of government’?
(a) Van Mahotsava is a new festival. Its purpose is to plant trees.
(d) (iii) wealth.
- 7.A deer who was very thirsty went to a pool to quench his thirst. At the time of drinking water he saw himself in the clear water “How handsome I am! thought he. The horns on my head are branching like trees. My coat is smooth and glossy. My eyes sparkle like stars. Only my legs are so long and thin that I am ashamed of them.” Just then he heard the sound of the hunter’s foot steps. He dashed away through the forest. His long, thin legs bearing him swiftly on. The forest grew thicker and at last he could not run on account of his branching horns. So he was caught by the hunter. “How foolish I have been !” cried the dying deer. “Oh ! my splendid horns are the cause of my death.”
(a) What was the deer ashamed of ?
(1) Importance of forests
(a) foundation of economy.
(b) fodde fertilizer, fuel.
(c) edibles, fibers, herbs,
(d) stop soil erosios (el bring rainfall
(1) useful in summer
(C) Summary Forests are foundation of economy of the country They supply fodder to animals, food and fuel to man. They break the flow of the monsoo and help in creating springs and perennial springs